The European Association of Science Editors (EASE) is an international community of individuals and associations from diverse backgrounds, linguistic traditions and professional experience in science communication and editing.

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EASE Science Editors’ Handbook (Section 4: Peer review)
Part 4 of our in-depth handbook for Editors includes a chapter devoted to peer review, with five sections covering recent developments in peer review and the ways in which it is changing; how Editors should work with reviewers; using peer review as a tool for journal development; and peer review systems. EASE members can download the full section here

Sense About Science – Peer Review: The Nuts & Bolts
This is an easy to understand guide to peer review for early career researchers written by members of the SAS Voice of the Young Researcher network and publishers, and a good starting place for the uninitiated. The format is a Downloadable 28-page PDF, written by the Voice of Young Science (VoYS).

Importantly it points out that there is no formal training for reviewers (but see some of the useful resources linked below) and that most training is done ‘on the job’. In addition to the fundamental advice offered there is a list of additional resources.

What makes a great peer reviewer? Tips from Nature Research editors
A short article by three senior editors of Nature journals, based on a collection of tips for reviewers from themselves and their colleagues. A brief yet informative read.

BioMed Central: Peer review – tips for junior reviewers
Commissioned from experts by BMC Medicine, this series of articles covers a number of different methodologies, including statistics, randomised controlled trials, and systematic review. As such it is of interest both to peer reviewers and to substantive editors

A multi-disciplinary perspective on emergent and future innovations in peer review
For those of you interested in the history of Peer Review as well as its present form, this article published by F1000, is a comprehensive guide.

GIE Journal’ ‘How to review’
A light read, from the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, covering the basic dos and don’ts of peer review with a 13 rules offering some sound advice.